The early cars had only one or two cylinders. They ran with a high chug chug that sounded like a long series of small bangs went out. They had no windscreens and of course no windows. To start them you have to come up and turn tissues. The tires were very poor in quality and you rarely drive more than ten or fifteen miles without having a puncture a hole in the deck that would let the air out. Then you would have to stop and change tires which was a very difficult job then the tire had to be forced on the wheel.
The springs were stiff shock absorbers had never heard of it and the roads were bad so the passengers were bumped immensely when they cycled. Most cars had no headlights but some used acetylene gas lamps that burned with a dim flickering light which made it very difficult to drive at night. If a car could go 12 miles an hour it was pretty good and 25 miles per hour were broken along with good speed. Heres how the well known parts of a car evolved over the years: Motor.
The first and two cylinder cars soon changed to four cylinder or six cylinder cars. Henry Ford built six before he switched to the four cylinder models Model T from 1908 to 1926 and Model A from 1928 to 1931 which were the biggest selling cars of its time. After a while manufacturers believed that the more cylinders the better the car. Packard Twin Six a twelve cylinder car and several eight cylinder cars came out in the 1920s. In the 1930s Cadillac did not only do a twelve but a sixteen. Finally the manufacturers decided on six or eight cylinders especially eight as the best number to deliver power and not to burn too much gas. Thats me. There was not much change in the connection for many years.
The early clutch puts together a rotating disc connected to the engine and a disc connected to the drive wheels; while the two discs moved they would rotate and the power of the engine would turn the drive wheels and get the car to go. But eventually the discs would tear down and the car would need a new connection. In the 1930s Chrysler introduced the fluid coupling that used non worn oil and by the 1950s power was transferred from engine to drive wheel with automatic gearboxes that did not require any separate coupling.
By 1954 it became unusual for a car to have a clutch pedal at all. T o rm s in s o n. The transfer of a car for more than thirty years was a gearbox where there were different gearboxes that would drive the car at different speeds. The lower the speed the greater the power. Most cars had three speeds forward and one reverse which meant that the driver could choose whether to advance with first or low speeds second or intermediate speed or third or high speeds. Some cars had four speeds ahead. Running in reverse reverse one must always go at the same speed. The driver can choose his speed by moving a lever gearbox.
First this lever was out of the car on the track. Then it stuck from the floor next to the drivers seat. Since around 1937 it was mounted on the steering wheel. Model T Ford used a planetary gearbox and had only two forward lengths low and high that the driver chose by pushing the clutch pedal too low and releasing it too high. After World War II automatic transfers began under such trade names as Hydromatic Dynaflow Fordomatic etc. Replacing the older types and it became unusual that a car did not have the gear lever at all. Horsepower and speed. It was mentioned before the first cars did it good to go 12 miles an hour which after all was better than a horse could do for a long distance.
Twenty horsepower was high for a motor of these days. Both speeds and horsepower increased gradually over the years. In the 1920s there was a fast car that would go 60 miles an hour only the most expensive cars would. In the 1930s most cars would go as high as 70 miles per hour and expensive cars had 100 horsepower. Cars from the 1950s ranged from 100 and more horsepower for the cheapest cars to over 200 horsepower for the most expensive cars and the fastest cars could go much faster than anyone in their right mind would ever want to go.